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Zambia's youthful population can offer a unique opportunity for accelerated economic growth if fertility declines rapidly, resulting in an age structure with more people in the working-ages relative to dependent children. This would create an opportunity for the country to experience a sustained period of rapid economic growth, referred to as the "demographic dividend".
In December 2016, Zambia’s Demographic Dividend Study Report was officially launched by H.E. Mr. Edgar Chagwa Lungu, President of the Republic of Zambia. The study assessed the economic and human development potential of Zambia in the short, medium and long-term using a comprehensive approach. It generated relevant policy and programme information to guide a well-blended policy-mix required to propel Zambia towards achieving its Vision 2030 aspiration of becoming a prosperous middle income country.